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unRAID

DO NOT use the template paths from unRAID or the suggested paths from SpaceInvader One

SpaceInvader One YouTube guides are great for learning how to start with unRAID or how to set up certain applications - and yes I did and still do use them.

The main reason why he's probably using those paths is because they are predefined in the templates.


Preparation

Make sure Tunable (support Hard Links) is enabled in your Settings => Global Share Settings.

Enable Hardlink support (New)

Enable Hardlink support

Create the main share

To get Hardlinks and Atomic-Moves working with unRAID,
You will need to make use of ONE share with subfolders.

In this example, I'm using my own setup and the preferred share data.

Go to your dashboard and select Shares on the navigation bar, then choose Add Share.

!unraid-main-share-array-6-12

!unraid-main-share-cache-6-12

!unraid-main-share

  1. Use data
  2. Set up your share with the applicable settings.

    Select the Primary storage as Array (shown in the No Cache tab above).

    1. Select the Primary storage as Cache (shown in the Cache tab above).
    2. Select the Secondary storage as Array
    3. Make sure Mover action is set to Cache -> Array

    Choose Yes on step (2) (unRAID 6.11 tab above). If not using a cache drive, keep this option disabled.

    Hardlinks will stay intact if you're using a cache

  3. Click on ADD SHARE

Note

Keep in mind, regarding the use of the cache drive, unRAID's integrated mover cannot move files that are in use, like seeding torrents. You will need to stop/pause the torrents so the mover can move the files from the cache to your array.

If you use qBittorrent you can automate the process by following the following Guide HERE
If you use Deluge you can automate the process by following the following Guide HERE

With Usenet, you won't have any issues.


Folder Structure

On the host (unRAID) you will need to add /mnt/user before it. So /mnt/user/data

data
├── torrents
│   ├── books
│   ├── movies
│   ├── music
│   └── tv
├── usenet
│   ├── incomplete
│   └── complete
│       ├── books
│       ├── movies
│       ├── music
│       └── tv
└── media
    ├── books
    ├── movies
    ├── music
    └── tv

I'm using lower-case on all folders on purpose, being Linux is case-sensitive.

The data folder has sub-folders for torrents and usenet, and each of these has sub-folders for tv, movie and music downloads to keep things organized. The media folder has nicely named TV, Movies and Music sub-folders, this is where your library resides, and what you’d pass to Plex, Emby or JellyFin.

You will need to create these subfolders yourself. You can do this in any way you prefer, but the fastest way to create all the necessary subfolders would be to use the terminal (explained below). Alternatively, Krusader or WinSCP are popular choices if you are unsure.

Fastest way to create the needed subfolders

The fastest way to create all the necessary subfolders would be to use the terminal, use a program like PuTTy or use the terminal from the dashboard. These options will automatically create the required subfolders for your media library as well as your preferred download client(s). If you use both torrents and usenet, use both commands.

If you use usenet

mkdir -p /mnt/user/data/{usenet/{incomplete,complete}/{tv,movies,music},media/{tv,movies,music}}

If you use torrents

mkdir -p /mnt/user/data/{torrents/{tv,movies,music},media/{tv,movies,music}}

Breakdown of the Folder Structure

Bad path suggestion

The default path setup suggested by some docker developers that encourages people to use mounts like /movies, /tv, /books or /downloads is very suboptimal and it makes them look like two or three file systems, even if they aren’t (Because of how Docker’s volumes work). It is the easiest way to get started. While easy to use, it has a major drawback. Mainly losing the ability to hardlink or instant move, resulting in a slower and more I/O intensive copy + delete is used.

Setting up the containers

After you've created all the necessary folders, it's time to set up the Docker container's paths.

Go to your dashboard and select the Docker container you want to edit, or, if you're starting fresh, add the container/App you want to use.

unRAID makes it pretty clear which is the Host Path and Container Path.

Container Path: => The path that will be used from inside the container.

Host Path: => The actual/absolute path used on your unRAID Server (The Host).


Torrent clients

qBittorrent, Deluge, ruTorrent

unraid-torrent-clients

Container Path: => /data/torrents/

Host Path: => /mnt/user/data/torrents/

Info

The reason why we use /data/torrents/ for the torrent client is because it only needs access to the torrent data. In the torrent software settings, you’ll need to configure your categories/labels to utilize the right path for specific content. You can sort into sub-folders like /data/torrents/{tv|movies|music}.

data
└── torrents
    ├── books
    ├── movies
    ├── music
    └── tv

Usenet clients

NZBGet or SABnzbd

unraid-usenet-client

Container Path: => /data/usenet/

Host Path: => /mnt/user/data/usenet/

Info

The reason why we use /data/usenet/ for the usenet client is that it only needs access to the usenet data. In the usenet software settings, you’ll need to configure your paths to sort content into sub-folders like /data/usenet/{tv|movies|music}.

data
└── usenet
    ├── incomplete
    └── complete
        ├── books
        ├── movies
        ├── music
        └── tv

The Starr Apps

Sonarr, Radarr and Lidarr

unraid-arr

Container Path: => /data

Host Path: => /mnt/user/data/

Info

Sonarr, Radarr and Lidarr get access to everything because the download folder(s) and media folder will need to look like, and be one mount, on the file system. Hard links will work properly and any moves will be atomic, rather than copying and deleting.

data
├── torrents
│   ├── books
│   ├── movies
│   ├── music
│   └── tv
├── usenet
│   ├── incomplete
│   └── complete
│       ├── books
│       ├── movies
│       ├── music
│       └── tv
└── media
    ├── books
    ├── movies
    ├── music
    └── tv

Media Server

Plex, Emby, JellyFin and Bazarr

unraid-media-server

Container Path: => /data/media

Host Path: => /mnt/user/data/media/

Info

Plex, Emby, JellyFin and Bazarr only need access to your media library, which can have any number of sub-folders (Movies, Kids Movies, TV, Documentary TV and/or Music).

data
└── media
    ├── movies
    ├── music
    ├── books
    └── tv

Final Result

!unraid-final-result

Examples how to set up your paths INSIDE your applications

Don't forget to look at the Examples of how to set up your paths INSIDE your applications.

Video Tutorial

Big Thanks to IBRACORP for noticing this Guide and creating a Video covering this unRAID section.

The reason why I have this video at the end is because I want the users to ACTUALLY LEARN and UNDERSTAND why it's recommended to use this folder structure prior to going straight to a YouTube video.

Check out other videos from IBRACORP HERE


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