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Synology

Note

Being I don't have a Synology myself and I kind of hate the Synology GUI for the dockers, I'm doing this with the use of docker-compose.

This works like 10x faster then the GUI and after adding it shows up in the GUI.

Thnx to faxity for the initial compose that I used to create the Synology Guide.

We need to get some information that we need later to setup the docker-compose file.

PUID and PGID

In order for the Docker container to access the shares on the Synology, we need to give it the same permissions as your main user who has access to those shares. For this we need to figure out the PUID and the PGID of the user having access to your shares.

You will need to SSH into your Synology. If you didn't already enable it you need to do that first

synology-control-panel

Then use a program like Putty and SSH to your Synology.

Login if you get a popup asking if you want to trust the key, Just press OK or ACCEPT

Enter the login information of your main Synology user account.

synology-id

Once logged in type id. This will show your UID (aka PUID). Which in this screenshot is 1026 for the administrator and the GID (aka PGID) which is 100 for the users group. Remember these values for later use.

Note

Yes we know it's not recommended to use the admin account but if you already know this then you wouldn't need to read this ;)


Folder Structure

Attention

To get Hardlinks and Atomic-Moves working with your Synology you will need to make use of ONE share with subfolders.

For this example we're going to make use of a share called data.

On the host (Synology) you will need to add /volume1/ before it. So /volume1/data

The data folder has sub-folders for torrents and usenet and each of these have sub-folders for tv, movie and music downloads to keep things neat. The media folder has nicely named TV, Movies and Music sub-folders, this is your library and what you’d pass to Plex, Emby or JellyFin.

These subfolders you need to create your self.

I'm using lower case on all folder on purpose, being Linux is case sensitive.

data
├── torrents
│  ├── movies
│  ├── music
│  └── tv
├── usenet
│  ├── movies
│  ├── music
│  └── tv
└── media
    ├── movies
    ├── music
    └── tv

Breakdown of the Folder Structure

Torrent clients

qBittorrent, Deluge, ruTorrent

The reason why we use /data/torrents for the torrent client is because it only needs access to the torrent files. In the torrent software settings, you’ll need to reconfigure paths and you can sort into sub-folders like /data/torrents/{tv|movies|music}.

data
└── torrents
   ├── movies
   ├── music
   └── tv

Usenet clients

NZBGet or SABnzbd

The reason why we use /data/usenet for the usenet client is because it only needs access to the usenet files. In the usenet software settings, you’ll need to reconfigure paths and you can sort into sub-folders like /data/usenet/{tv|movies|music}.

data
└── usenet
   ├── movies
   ├── music
   └── tv

The arr(s)

Sonarr, Radarr and Lidarr

Sonarr, Radarr and Lidarr gets access to everything because the download folder(s) and media folder will look like and be one file system. Hard links will work and moves will be atomic, instead of copy + delete.

data
├── torrents
│  ├── movies
│  ├── music
│  └── tv
├── usenet
│  ├── movies
│  ├── music
│  └── tv
└── media
   ├── movies
   ├── music
   └── tv

Media Server

Plex, Emby, JellyFin and Bazarr

Plex, Emby, JellyFin and Bazarr only needs access to your media library, which can have any number of sub folders like Movies, Kids Movies, TV, Documentary TV and/or Music as sub folders.

data
└── media
   ├── movies
   ├── music
   └── tv

Don't forget to look at the Examples how to setup the paths inside the applications.


Appdata

Your appdata will be stored in /volume1/docker/appdata/{appname} These {appname} sub folders you need to create your self. (This is a limitation of the Synology) We're going to do this in Putty or a similar program.

sudo mkdir /volume1/docker/appdata
cd /volume1/docker/appdata
sudo mkdir radarr sonarr bazarr plex tautulli

So your appdata folder will look like this.

ls -al /volume1/docker/appdata
docker
└── appdata
    ├── radarr
    ├── sonarr
    ├── bazarr
    ├── plex
    └── tautulli

Needed files

First we will download the docker-compose.yml file

Download this docker-compose.yml to your /volume1/docker/appdata location so you got your important stuff together.

sudo wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TRaSH-/Guides-Synology-Templates/main/docker-compose/docker-compose.yml
What's included and What's not included - [CLICK TO EXPAND]

This docker-compose file will have the following docker containers included.

  • Radarr
  • Sonarr
  • Bazarr (Subtitle searcher and downloaded)
  • Plex
  • Tautulli
  • Watchtower (automatic docker container updater at 4am)

What's not included.

I didn't add a downloader to it because it depends on what you prefer usenet/torrents and which client you prefer, so i created a new Repository on Github where I provide and maintain some templates that you can find in the template folder ready to use with the main docker-compose.yml.

The only thing you need to do is copy/paste what's inside the .yml file in to the main docker-compose.yml, the template also has the command what you need to use to create the appdata folder that we explained earlier.

Second we will download the .env file

Download this .env to your /volume1/docker/appdata location so you got your important stuff together.

sudo wget https://raw.githubusercontent.com/TRaSH-/Guides-Synology-Templates/main/docker-compose/.env

Changes you need to do

The .env we downloaded holds the variables/information you need to change so everything works (I added also a description in the .env file)

  1. DOCKERCONFDIR (only change this if you know what you're doing and decide to use another path then in this guide used)
  2. DOCKERDATADIR (only change this if you know what you're doing and decide to use another path then in this guide used)
  3. PUID/PGID (this info you got earlier from HERE)
  4. TZ (Change to your timezone)

It holds more variables/information for other containers but they are described in the .env


Permissions

Now we need to make sure that the newly created files and folders have the correct permissions.

Note

If you're using another user then admin then you need to change it in the commands below !!!

sudo chown -R admin:users /volume1/data /volume1/docker
sudo chmod -R a=,a+rX,u+w,g+w /volume1/data /volume1/docker

Run the Docker Compose

Important

make sure you deleted/removed all your existing dockers from the GUI and also remove your native installs of these applications !!!

When you did all the above steps you only need to type the following in your /volume1/docker/appdata

cd /volume1/docker/appdata
sudo docker-compose up -d

You will notice that all the images will be downloaded, and after that the containers will be started. If you get a error then look at the error what it says and try to fix it. If you still got issues then put your used docker-compose.yml on pastebin and join the guides-discord here and provide the pastebin link with the error, have patience because of timezone differences.


Don't forget to look at the Examples how to setup the paths inside your applications.

Attention

If you need to do any changes only edit the docker-compose.yml file and activate the changes when you type sudo docker-compose up -d again.

Any changes you do/did in the GUI will be reverted when you run the docker-compose.

Just don't use the GUI !!!

Docker-Compose Commands

docker-compose commands - [CLICK TO EXPAND]
  • sudo docker-compose up -d (This Docker-compose command helps builds the image, then creates and starts Docker containers. The containers are from the services specified in the compose file. If the containers are already running and you run docker-compose up, it recreates the container.)
  • sudo docker-compose pull (Pulls an image associated with a service defined in a docker-compose.yml)
  • sudo docker-compose down (The Docker-compose down command also stops Docker containers like the stop command does. But it goes the extra mile. Docker-compose down, doesn’t just stop the containers, it also removes them.)
  • sudo docker system prune -a --volumes --force (Remove all unused containers, networks, images (both dangling and unreferenced), and optionally, volumes.)

Last update: August 2, 2021 17:29:28